The pandemic has made many children fat and sick
Corona pounds don’t just affect adults. Many children have also gained weight during the pandemic. This applies to every sixth young person between the ages of 3 and 17. In the 10 to 12 age group, almost every third person has gained weight. There are also other physical and mental injuries. A recent study shows how dramatic the situation has become.
Once again, it hits poorer children in particular
Children and adolescents from low-income families were twice as likely to be affected by unhealthy weight gain as their peers from high-income families (23 to 12 percent). The social gap is even wider in this respect than before the pandemic.
This is shown by a representative parent survey commissioned by the German Obesity Society (DAG). It is still unclear whether and – if so – by how much the already alarmingly high number of overweight children and young people has increased in the course of the pandemic.
More children hospitalized for obesity
The last nationwide survey on the subject dates from 2017. Even then, 15.4 percent of 3 to 17-year-olds were overweight and 5.9 percent were even obese. Nationwide current data are missing. A clear indication, however, is that according to the DAK-Gesundheit, hospital treatments for obesity in children and adolescents increased significantly in 2020.
“We have never seen weight gain on the scale seen since the pandemic began,” explains Dr. Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, spokeswoman for the Working Group on Obesity in Children and Adolescents (AGA) of the DAG.
How childhood obesity is harmful
Being overweight is unhealthy at any age, but it is particularly risky in childhood and adolescence:
- Obesity is stubborn. In most cases, fat children grow into fat adults.
- Overweight children already develop pathological changes such as diabetes, fatty liver or high blood pressure.
- The psyche also suffers from the pounds: a lack of self-confidence and shame, bullying and depression can be the result.
- The longer you live with obesity, the greater the risk of consequential health damage.
More media consumption, less movement
For the current study, the opinion research institute Forsa surveyed a total of 1,004 parents with children aged 3 to 17 in March and April 2022. In addition to the weight gain, the survey revealed many other problematic health consequences of the corona pandemic for the children:
- 44 percent of children and young people exercise less than before the pandemic, and the figure for children aged 10 to 12 is even 57 percent.
- Physical fitness has deteriorated in 33 percent of children and young people, and the figure is as high as 48 percent in children aged 10 to 12.
- For 43 percent of children and young people, the pandemic is having a “moderate” or “strong” psychological impact.
- 70 percent of children and young people have increased media use.
- 27 percent of children and young people reach for sweets more often than before.
Of particular concern, these trends appear to have intensified since the first lockdown.
After all, the survey revealed a positive effect of the pandemic: 34 percent of families now eat together more often than before.
Advertising bans and sugar tax: Experts call for immediate measures
Experts from the German Obesity Society are now calling for a “Marshall Plan” against the obesity epidemic in children and adolescents. This includes immediate measures that scientists have been calling for for a long time:
- a tax on sugary drinks,
- Advertising barriers for unhealthy foods and
- a strengthening of chronically underfunded obesity therapy
These are all measures that have already been implemented in other countries and have proven their effectiveness. Example Great Britain: Since April 2018, there has been a levy on drinks that contain at least 5 grams of sugar per 100 milliliters. It is 18 pence (21 cents) from 5 grams and 28 pence (33 cents) from 8 grams.
UK: 30 percent less sugar a day
According to a study by the University of Oxford, the average sugar content of soft drinks has fallen – from 4.4 grams (2015) to 2.9 grams per 100 millilitres (2018). Extrapolated to the average consumption of sugar sodas, this would correspond to a reduction of 30 percent per capita and day.
Sales of soft drinks, which are subject to the sugar tax, fell by 50 percent over the study period, while sales of sugar-free and low-sugar beverages increased by 40 percent. These changes accelerated between 2017 and 2018 – probably triggered by the introduction of the sugar tax, according to the study authors.
UAE: progress is being made, but still work to do
The UAE government introduced a 50% excise duty on Sugar Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) from 1st January 2020 and this had the positive dual effect on consumption, not only of making such beverages less affordable but also signalling these products can be a health risk. Unhealthy food, particularly the abundance of convenient and cheap restaurants and home deliveries however is not restricted and combined with increased in activity due to being stuck at home has also taken its toll on the youth of the UAE.